By Yu Guangyuan (auth.), Fan Dainian, Robert S. Cohen (eds.)
The articles during this assortment have been all chosen from the 1st 5 volumes of the Journal of Dialectics of Nature released through the chinese language Academy of Sciences among 1979 and 1985. The Journal used to be proven in 1979 as a complete theoretical booklet in regards to the background, philosophy and sociology of the traditional sciences. it all started booklet as a reaction to China's reform, fairly the coverage of beginning to the surface international. chinese language students started to adopt precise, unique learn in those fields. This assortment presents a cross-section in their efforts throughout the preliminary section.
To let western students to appreciate the historic technique of this modification in chinese language lecturers, Yu Guangyuan's `On the Emancipation of the brain' and Xu Liangying's `Essay at the position of technological know-how and Democracy in Society' were integrated during this assortment.
3 of the papers integrated at the philosophy of technology are discussions of philosophical concerns in cosmology and biology by way of scientists themselves. the remainder 4 are written via philosophers of technological know-how and talk about info and cognition, homeostasis and chinese language conventional medication, the I Ching (Yi Jing) and arithmetic, and so on.
Papers were chosen at the historical past of either classical and glossy technology and know-how, the main specified of that are macro-comparisons of the improvement of technology in China and the west. a few papers talk about the problem of the demarcation of classes within the background of technological know-how, the historical past of historic chinese language arithmetic, astronomy, metallurgy, equipment, medication, and so on. Others talk about the heritage of contemporary physics and biology, the historical past of historiography of technology in China and the historical past of nearby improvement of chinese language technology and know-how.
additionally integrated are biographies of 3 post-eighteenth-century chinese language students, Li Shanlan (1811-1882), Hua Hengfang (1833&endash;1902), and Cai Yuanpei (1868&endash;1940), who contributed significantly to the creation of western technological know-how and scholarship to China. additionally, 3 brief papers were incorporated introducing the interactions among chinese language students and 3 nice western scientists, Niels Bohr, Norbert Wiener, and Robert A. Millikan.
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Extra info for Chinese Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology
Politically, there is no freedom for counter-revolutionaries, yet academically, freedom should be given to those who express idealist views. Some people think that Marxism is incompatible with idealism and that the free circulation of such theories will exert a negative influence. * It's a question of where to draw the line. Idealism already exists. ] 27 Fan Dainian and RobertS. ), Chinese Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology, 27-40. © 1996 Kluwer Academic Publishers.
This meeting was initiated by the Ministry of Propaganda of the Central Committee of the Communist Party. Before I left Peking to come here, I went to Minister Lu Dingyi for instructions as to how to conduct this conference. ' This is the first scientific conference to be held after the Party proposed this policy, and I hope this meeting will serve as a model for the promotion of this policy. ' People spoke out freely, without inhibitions. ' I also participated in free and unrestricted discussions.
That's not my opinion. I don't understand why accepting the existence of hereditary substances makes one an idealist. I think there is a special substance in heredity. Even if this view is wrong (and I don't think it is), it cannot be called idealist. In the past, the gene was only an assumption. Some people believed in its existence; others opposed it. Those who believed it existed could not offer any powerful evidence, so they were not so sure. Recently I have heard that DNA and RNA, substances directly related to heredity, have been discovered in foreign countries.