Chinese Medicine in Early Communist China, 1945-63: A by Kim Taylor

By Kim Taylor

Utilizing unique assets, this significant text appears to be like on the transformation of chinese language drugs from a marginal, side-lined scientific perform of the early 20th century, to a necessary and high-profile a part of the nationwide health-care procedure below the chinese language Communist social gathering. The political, fiscal and social causes which drove this promoting are analyzed and the extreme position that chinese language drugs used to be intended to play in Mao Zedong's revolution is totally explored for the 1st time, creating a significant contribution to the background of chinese language medication.

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Mao advocated that such a change would be possible through the use of ‘science’. By ‘science’ Mao was not so much referring to the science linked with the Western investigation of nature, but more to the Marxist ideal of science as the criteria for true knowledge. For Mao stated that ‘this type of new democratic culture is scientific. 3 ‘Unity’ was the third criterion in the building up of a new China. Everybody had to join together and fight for the same cause, and this included all classes of Chinese society, from the upper bourgeoisie to the peasantry, so long as Page 16 their beliefs were not against those of the Party.

And I owe much to Danny Tejada, who made it all possible in the end. Page xii This page intentionally left blank. Page 1 Introduction This is a history of recent medicine in China which attempts to reassess the nature and origin of what is referred to today as ‘Chinese medicine’ or, more particularly, ‘traditional Chinese medicine’, in historical context. This book starts from the premise that Chinese medicine in modern-day China is not so much a continuing tradition of the past, as a deliberate distillation of ancient concepts according to the dictates of the twentieth century.

Yet these few words were to have a huge impact on those members of the Communist Party with a medical background. 11 During this meeting the slogan, ‘the scientification of Chinese medicine and the popularization of Western medicine’ was formed (zhongyi kexuehua, xiyi dazhonghua ). This called for Chinese medicine to be better integrated with modern science, and for Western medicine to be brought down to the level of the people, such as in the implementation of basic hygiene and sanitation. 12 The Chinese medical doctor Li Dingming (1881–1947), famous for healing Mao Zedong and other leading members of the CCP,13 led the way in calling for the ‘co-operation between Chinese and Western medical practitioners’ (zhongxiyi hezuo ).

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