Causal Case Study Methods: Foundations and Guidelines for by Derek Beach, Rasmus Brun Pedersen

By Derek Beach, Rasmus Brun Pedersen

In this accomplished reconstruction of causal case learn equipment, Derek seashore, Rasmus Brun Pedersen, and their coauthors delineate the ontological and epistemological variations between those equipment, provide feedback for deciding on the fitting equipment for a given study venture, and clarify the step by step program of chosen methods.

Causal Case research Methods starts off with the cohesive, logical foundations for small-n comparative equipment, congruence equipment, and procedure tracing, then delineate the detailed sorts of causal relationships for which each and every approach is suitable. subsequent, the authors supply useful guideline for deploying all the tools separately and together. They stroll the researcher via every one level of the examine strategy, beginning with problems with suggestion formation and the formula of causal claims in ways in which fit with case-based learn. They then boost guidance for utilizing Bayesian common sense as a collection of useful questions for translating empirical information into facts which can or won't ascertain causal inferences.

broadly acclaimed teachers, the authors draw upon their huge event on the graduate point in collage study rooms, summer time and wintry weather institution classes, workshops, round the globe.

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Q). When we crace mechanisms in a case, we are also tracing mechanisms only between a given cause and outcome, meaning thac we are making no presumptions about mechanisms in cases where the cause and outcome are not present. In con­ trast, symmetric theoretical claims would claim thac an independent variable (X) has an impact acro55 values of the dependent variable (Y). Whether we make symmetric or asymmetric claims has major implications for research design, n0

Where the activities are the producers of change or what rrans­ mics causal forces through a mechanism (the movement of the wheels in the machine that transmit forces) (Machamer, Darden, and Craver 2000; Ma­ chamer 2004) . Pares have no independent existence (they are noc considered variables) in relation co p roducing an outcome; instead, they are inregral pares of a system chat transmits causal forces co che outcome. We return in chapcer 3 to what chese pares can look like in practice. le is important to noce chat there is disagreement in the literature regard­ ing whether a mechanism refers to both the causal conditions chac trigger it and the mechanism itself, or merely co the causal pathway between C and 0.

Irrespective of whether our hunch holds up ro empirical scru­ tiny, we suggesc chat the distinction between councerfaccuals and mecha­ nisms is important to understand for adherents of both positions, enabling che recognition chac che ocher posicion is legicimate and that it has relacive methodological advantages and disadvancages in comparison to the posicion that you hold yourself. Counter(oauols The philosopher David Hume, in a reaction to the then prevalenc under­ standing of causation as a necessary connection in the form of a "hook" or "force" berween a cause and an outcome, concended chat we cannot mea­ sure che "secrec connection" that links causes and outcomes.

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