By John Lie
Multiethnic Japan demanding situations the acquired view of jap society as ethnically homogeneous. using a big selection of arguments and evidence--historical and comparative, interviews and observations, excessive literature and well known culture--John Lie recasts glossy Japan as a completely multiethnic society.
Lie casts mild on quite a lot of minority teams in smooth jap society, together with the Ainu, Burakumin (descendants of premodern outcasts), chinese language, Koreans, and Okinawans. In so doing, he depicts the trajectory of contemporary jap identity.
Surprisingly, Lie argues that the assumption in a monoethnic Japan is a post–World struggle II phenomenon, and he explores the formation of the monoethnic ideology. He additionally makes a common argument in regards to the nature of nationwide id, delving into the mechanisms of social category, signification, and identity.
By Thomas C. Smith
Established upon a cautious use of resources and secondary works, it really is one of many best examples of ancient scholarship but produced by means of Western scholars of Japan.
By M.G. Sheftall
Within the final days of global warfare II, the japanese unleashed a brand new breed of warrior. They have been the kamikaze-idealistic younger males believing there should be no higher glory than to sacrifice their lives in suicide assaults to protect their place of birth. yet what of these males who took the sacred oath to die in battle-and lived? quickly after the Sept. 11 assaults, ethnographer M.G. Sheftall was once given unprecedentedly intimate entry to the cloistered group of Japans final closing kamikaze corps survivors. the result's a poignant and unforgettable glimpse into the lives and mindsets of former kamikaze pilots who by no means accomplished their ultimate missions.
By Gail R. Benjamin
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Gail R. Benjamin reaches past predictable pictures of authoritarian eastern educators and automaton schoolchildren to teach the benefits and drawbacks of a method remarkably diversified from the yankee one... --The long island occasions booklet Review
Americans regard the japanese academic procedure and the lives of eastern childrens with a mix of awe and indignance. We recognize a procedure that produces better literacy charges and better math talents, yet we reject the excesses of a procedure that leaves young ones with little loose time and few shops for creativity and self-expression.
In Japanese Lessons, Gail R. Benjamin recounts her reviews as a American father or mother with childrens in a eastern undemanding college. An anthropologist, Benjamin effectively weds the jobs of observer and dad or mum, illuminating the strengths of the japanese process and suggesting ways that american citizens may well examine from it.
With an anthropologist's prepared eye, Benjamin takes us via an entire 12 months in a eastern public easy college, bringing us into the study room with its comforting constitution, vigorous participation, diverse educating kinds, and non-authoritarian lecturers. We keep on with the kids on classification journeys and activities Days and during the trials of summer time holiday homework. We percentage the studies of her younger son and daughter as they react to jap colleges, neighbors, and lecturers. via Benjamin we research what it potential to be a mom in Japan--how minute information, resembling the way in which moms arrange lunches for kids, replicate cultural understandings of kin and schooling.
Table of Contents
1. Getting Started
2. Why learn jap Education?
three. daily Routines
four. jointly in school, jointly in Life
five. A operating holiday and designated occasions
6. the 3 R's, jap Style
7. the remainder of the Day
eight. Nagging, Preaching, and Discussions
nine. Enlisting Mothers' Efforts
10. schooling in jap Society
eleven. topics and Suggestions
Appendix. analyzing and Writing in Japanese
By Richard H. Minear
Takeyama Michio, the writer of Harp of Burma, was once thirty-seven in 1941, the 12 months of the japanese assault on Pearl Harbor. Husband, father of youngsters born through the battle, and instructor at Japan's elite tuition of upper schooling in Tokyo, he skilled the struggle on its domestic entrance. His essays supply us with a private list of the bombing of Tokyo, the dearth of nutrients, the shortcoming to get actual information regarding the battle, the frictions among civilians and armed forces and among his elite scholars and different civilians, the mobilization of scholars into manufacturing unit jobs and the army, and the relocation of civilians out of the Tokyo sector. This intimate account of the "scars of war," together with own anecdotes from Takeyama's scholars and family members, is one among only a few histories from this detailed vantage element. Takeyama's writings train readers approximately how the warfare affected traditional eastern and produce his options approximately Japan's best friend Germany, the Tokyo warfare Crimes Trial, and the rapid postwar years. superbly translated by means of Richard H. Minear, those sincere and relocating essays are a clean examine the background of Japan through the Asia-Pacific battle.
By Andrew Gordon
By Donald Nijboer
The air battle within the South Pacific used to be exact and intensely diversified from different significant air operations undertaken in the course of international battle II. In no theater used to be air energy extra imperative to luck than within the South Pacific. the target of each significant strategic flow used to be to grab an air base. The air energy hired used to be the main advanced know-how on hand, and, satirically, it was once hired over essentially the most brutal, primitive and mostly unknown terrain on this planet. a lot has been written in regards to the significant battles comparable to Pearl Harbor, halfway, Iwo Jima and Okinawa, yet little or no concentration has been paid to the important battles that happened in New Guinea and the Solomons. while hostilities in New Guinea all started, Japan possessed a bonus in air energy, yet as American and Australian power grew, the japanese air arm suffered whole and utter defeat from which it can by no means get better. of the plane that may see widespread wrestle within the New Guinea crusade have been the Ki-61 Tony and P-38 Lightning. The Ki-61 represented the infrequent get together whilst Germany and Japan cooperated in a technical box. utilizing the license outfitted German DB 601A engine, which powered the Bf 109E, construction of the Ki-61 started in August 1942, and the aircraft first flew a number of weeks after Pearl Harbor. however, the P-38 used to be already in provider (albeit in small numbers). Its pace, firepower and variety made it a powerful opponent, and one for which the japanese by no means had a solution; the P-38 was once finally credited with destroying extra jap plane than the other USAAF fighter. whereas the Ki-61 was once good armed with heavy laptop weapons and German 20mm cannons, it was once now not fairly a fit for the P-38, however the variations have been mild and in a dogfight it usually got here right down to the ability or even success of the pilot on the controls. This name explores the layout and improvement, technical requirements, ideas, warring parties, and statistics of every of those airplane, entire with broad photos and specifically commissioned paintings.
By Claude Lévi-Strauss, Jane Marie Todd, Maurice Olender
Anthropology Confronts the issues of the fashionable World is the 1st English translation of a chain of lectures Claude Lévi-Strauss brought in Tokyo in 1986. Written with a watch towards the long run as his personal distinctive profession was once drawing to an in depth, this quantity provides a synthesis of the author’s significant rules approximately structural anthropology, a box he helped identify. Critiquing insights of his prior writings at the dating among race, background, and civilization, Lévi-Strauss revisits the social concerns that by no means ceased to fascinate him.
He starts off with the remark that the cultural supremacy loved via the West for over centuries is at an finish. worldwide wars and genocides within the 20th century have fatally undermined Western religion in humanity’s development via clinical development. Anthropology, although, could be the motor vehicle of a brand new “democratic humanism,” broadening conventional frameworks that experience limited cross-cultural understandings of the human situation, and delivering a foundation for inquiries into what different civilizations, resembling these of Asia, can teach.
Surveying an international close to the twenty-first century, Lévi-Strauss assesses the various dilemmas of cultural and ethical relativism a globalized society faces—ethical dimensions of monetary inequality, the increase of other types of spiritual fundamentalism, the promise and peril of genetic and reproductive engineering. A laboratory of notion commencing onto the longer term, Anthropology Confronts the issues of the trendy World is a vital addition to the canon of 1 of the twentieth-century’s such a lot influential theorists.
By Kazuo Yagami
The blame for a country’s errors frequently falls on its leaders. now and again, besides the fact that, a leader’s maximum mistake is to advertise the wrong ambitions of his humans. used to be this the case in global conflict II Japan? This publication considers that query within the tale of Konoe Fumimaro, who served as Japan’s top minister in the course of some of the most tough sessions of the country’s background. This old biography is a balanced account of Konoe and his carrier as major minister sooner than and through international struggle II. Governing from 1937 to 1941, Konoe performed a key function within the fight to enhance eastern international coverage. starting with Konoe’s schooling and political education, the writer then explores the final temper of Nineteen Thirties Japan and lines Konoe’s upward thrust throughout the political ranks, together with his first time period as major minister, his selection to step down, and his eventual comeback. in particular emphasised is how the fellow himself affected this era of eastern historical past. In his relentless paintings concerning Japanese-American international relations, he tried to alter the damaging path on which Japan was once bent. Defeated in essence via his personal army and its starting to be autonomy, Konoe however took the japanese defeat to center. the ultimate bankruptcy examines Konoe’s warfare event and its aftermath, which culminated in his suicide.
By Luís Fróis
In 1585, on the top of Jesuit missionary task in Japan, which used to be began through Francis Xavier in 1549, Luis Frois, a long-time missionary in Japan, drafted the earliest systematic comparability of Western and eastern cultures. This ebook constitutes the 1st serious English-language variation of the 1585 paintings, the unique of which was once chanced on within the Royal Academy of heritage in Madrid after the second one international struggle. The booklet presents a translation of the textual content, which isn't a continual narrative, yet much more than six hundred distichs or short couplets on matters resembling gender, baby rearing, faith, drugs, consuming, horses, writing, ships and seafaring, structure, and track and drama. furthermore, the e-book incorporates a great advent and different editorial fabric to give an explanation for the historical past and likewise to make comparisons with present-day jap existence. total, the e-book represents an incredible basic resource for knowing a very demanding interval of historical past and its connection to modern Europe and Japan.