Cambridge Dictionary of Scientists by David Millar

By David Millar

This quantity is a useful one-stop reference booklet for an individual short of a quick and actual account of the lifestyles and paintings of these who created technological know-how from its beginnings to the current day. The alphabetically equipped, illustrated biographical dictionary has been completely revised and up-to-date, protecting over 1,500 key scientists (157 greater than within the earlier version) from forty nations. Physics, chemistry, biology, geology, astronomy, arithmetic, medication, meteorology and know-how are all represented and precise awareness is paid to pioneer ladies whose achievements and instance opened easy methods to clinical careers for others. This new version contains contemporary Nobel laureates, in addition to winners of the Fields Medal, the mathematician's an identical of the Nobel Prize. Illustrated with round a hundred and fifty photographs, diagrams, maps and tables, and with designated panel gains, this ebook is an available consultant to the world's renowned medical personalities. David Millar has performed study into the circulate of polar ice sheets on the Scott Polar study Institute, Cambridge, and in Antarctica. He has additionally written on quite a number technological know-how and expertise themes, and edited a examine of the politics of the Antarctic. His specialist occupation has been spent within the oil undefined, largely within the advertising of geoscience software program. He lives in France. John Millar graduated from Trinity collage, Cambridge, and has a doctorate from Imperial university, London. He labored for BP constructing new geophysical equipment to be used in oil exploration and creation. In 1994 he co-founded GroundFlow Ltd., which has built electrokinetic surveying and logging as a brand new method for imaging and mapping fluids in subsurface porous rocks.

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In 1822 at Fort Mackinac a young Canadian trapper was accidentally shot by a duck gun at close range, producing gross abdominal wounds and an opening into the stomach. Beaumont was nearby, saved his life, and tended him for 2 years. He was left with a permanent fistula (opening) into the stomach. Beaumont employed him and for 10 years was able to study digestion rather directly. Gastric juice could be obtained; and the lining of the stomach could be examined easily, and its movements, and the effects of different diets and emotions.

Bartholin qualified in medicine in Leiden and Padua (his father and brother were both distinguished anatomists) and he taught medicine and mathematics at Copenhagen from 1656. His pupils included Römer and Prince George, who married the British Queen Anne. In 1669 he described in a book his study of the crystals of Iceland spar (a form of calcite, CaCO3) including his discovery that it produces a double image of objects observed through it. He realized that the crystals split a light ray into two rays by what he called ordinary and extraordinary refraction.

The explanation due to Gold, and now accepted, is that pulsars are neutron stars, small but very massive stars, rapidly spinning. They form at the end of a star’s life, before its final collapse to a black hole. Bell Burnell went on to research in astronomy at London and Edinburgh, and a chair at the Open University. Beneden, Edouard van [beneden] (1846–1910) Belgian embryologist and cytologist: discovered that the number of chromosomes per cell is constant for a particular species. Van Beneden followed his father in taking charge of zoology teaching at Liège in 1870.

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