Civics Citizenship

Between State and Nation: Diaspora Politics and Kin-state by M. Waterbury

By M. Waterbury

This booklet investigates the connection among states and transborder ethnic teams in jap Europe. It makes use of the case of Hungary, which has long-standing ties to the approximately 3 million ethnic Hungarians in neighboring nations, to handle why and the way kin-states take motion on behalf in their ethnic diasporas, and the results of that engagement for nearby relatives and household politics. The booklet argues that it's not ethnic association, yet elite political pageant inside a newly liberalized post-communist celebration process, including eu Union integration, that either drives elevated engagement with ethnic relations overseas, and constrains its most deadly kinds.

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Extra resources for Between State and Nation: Diaspora Politics and Kin-state Nationalism in Hungary

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Indd 31 9/3/2010 7:51:25 PM 32 ● Between State and Nation conditions in Hungary opened the door to political instability and challenges to the status quo. ”23 As a large part of the nation was now scattered among a number of new states bordering Hungary, nationalism as revisionism became the most obvious path for enforcing unity and preventing more democratic politics from emerging. 24 The 24-year regime of Admiral Miklós Horthy, who was appointed regent and supreme military commander of Hungary on March 1, 1920, was characterized by the dominance of a conservative nationalist ideology fueled by irredentism and a desire to maintain the existing polarized social order against the threat of communism.

The ethnic Hungarian issue emerged as a focal point for alliances between reform communists and nationalist intellectuals in the opposition during the 1980s, which gave the communists additional social legitimacy and the dissidents increased capacity for organization and influence. Therefore, it was not nationalist mobilization that drove Hungary’s increased engagement with the regional diaspora after 1989, but strategic political concerns within the context of the decreasing influence of Soviet and Communist Party control.

Tensions in the region were high, and any indication that Hungary was interfering in the annexed territories would have further jeopardized Hungary’s diplomatic position. 38 The first component of cross-border aid was the effort to gather social, economic, and demographic data on the ethnic Hungarian communities. This data was crucial to Hungary’s various claims for border revision, from providing the demographic basis for self-determination claims, to justifying claims of cultural superiority, to documenting minority-rights abuses against the ethnic Hungarians.

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