Bernhard Karlgren: Portrait of A Scholar by N. G. D. Malmqvist

By N. G. D. Malmqvist

This e-book bargains with the lifestyles and occupation of Bernhard Karlgren (1889–1978), whose study in an exceptional number of fields, relatively the old phonology of the chinese, laid the rules for contemporary western sinology. The definition of the time period "sinology" has passed through nice alterations due to the fact Bernhard Karlgren entered the degree a century in the past. at the moment the time period coated study concerning the language, literature, heritage, notion, and highbrow points of early China. because the mid-twentieth century the definition has been significantly broadened to incorporate extra smooth features, with designated emphasis on sociopolitical and financial themes. in lots of chinese departments in either China and the West, reviews of early China were placed at an obstacle. This ebook may perhaps function a reminder that the time can have come to redress the imbalance.The e-book starts by means of sketching the highbrow milieu that characterised Karlgren's university years and ends with a point out of his final ebook, "Moot phrases in a few Chuang Tse chapters," released in 1976. The intervening seventy years have been jam-packed with excessive scholarly activities-including his disputatio for the PhD in Uppsala in 1915; his next profession as professor of East Asian languages at Gothenburg collage, 1918-39; and his directorship of the Museum of some distance japanese Antiquities in Stockholm, 1939-59. for a few years he served as vice-chancellor of Gothenburg collage and as president of the Royal Swedish Academy of Letters, heritage, and Antiquities. He additionally performed a number one position in numerous endeavors to reinforce the status of Swedish humanities.

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Right now I am concentrating on the Peking dialect. Later on I shall consider more in detail how to proceed with my work. TAIYUAN UNIVERSITY The establishment of Taiyuan University was the positive result of a disastrous political development. The infamous treatment that the Western powers had visited on China in the nineteenth century had fomented among the masses an intense hostility toward foreigners, especially missionaries. It is estimated that, in 1889, about 4,600 missionaries were active in the country.

The murder of two German missionaries gave Germany the formal excuse to occupy Jiaozhou in the eastern part of the province. It was most certainly not a coincidence that xenophobia found such violent expression in the province of Shandong. The floods and the ensuing famine had created a panic among the population. Shamanic and magical cults, which have characterized many secret societies in the long history of China, had flourished in the province from time immemorial. To the many secret societies operating in Shandong belonged the Yihequan, “The Righteous and Harmonious Fists,” whose members were termed “Boxers” in the West.

This highly melodramatic piece contrasts sharply with a comedy Bernhard Karlgren probably wrote during his first year at Uppsala University. The comedy, which has several alternative titles (“Madame Pompadeura,” or “The Wily Marshal of the Court,” or “The Princes’ Proposals,” or “The Cloister Rapine”), carries a note on the title page saying that the play in three acts was meant to be performed in the Karlgren household in the fall of 1908. Dramatis personae are Pompadeura, empress dowager of Filogamia; Platta and Melody, princesses of Filogamia; Giraffa and Padella, princes of Filargynia; a marshal of the court; and a governess to the two princesses.

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