Chinese

Basic Cantonese : a grammar and workbook by Virginia Yip

By Virginia Yip

Basic Cantonese introduces the necessities of Cantonese grammar in a simple and systematic manner.

Each of the 28 devices bargains with a grammatical subject and offers linked routines, designed to place grammar right into a communicative context. exact awareness is paid to issues which vary from English and ecu language structures.

This new version features:

transparent, obtainable format

• energetic examples to demonstrate each one grammar point

• informative keys to all exercises

• thesaurus of grammatical terms

Basic Cantonese is perfect for college kids new to the language. including its sister volume, Intermediate Cantonese, it types a established process the necessities of Cantonese grammar.

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Extra resources for Basic Cantonese : a grammar and workbook

Example text

Yes (not *haih) ` h-j*ngyi a? A: Léih j*ng-m B: J*ngyi a Do you like it? g. g. Kéuih haih Yahtbúnyàhn Kéuih haih haauhjéung Kéuih hái Seuhnghói *fóng Ngóh hái sy* She’s Japanese He’s the principal She’s in Shanghai I’m in the study 34 Unit 7 Emphatic haih and ge haih can serve to emphasize the following word(s), especially in concert with the particle ge at the end of the sentence: )ng ngóh ge Haih léih b) It was you who helped me (emphasizing the subject léih) * haih b((ngo sung ga? (emphasizing the subject b((ngo) N(( bún sy* (lit.

Léih hái H%%unggóng yáuh-móuh pàhngyáuh a (friends)? Léihdeih yáuh-móuh dihnlóuh a (computer)? *ngwái a (space in your room)? Léih g&&an fóng yáuh-móuh h* *ng-wá a (time to study Léih yáuh-móuh sìhgaan hohk Gwóngd* Cantonese)? 6 Léihdeih yáuh-móuh heui-gwo Gwóngj&&u a (been to Guangzhou)? 7 Léih g&&myaht yáuh-móuh tái s&&nmán a (watch the news today)? Unit 6 31 *ng a (interested in changing your 8 Léih yáuh-móuh hingcheui jyun g* job)? 3 Translate these questions into Cantonese: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Do you have a car (ch%%)?

On the other hand, there are other uses of deui which are understandable: ngóh deui sáu (lit. my pair (of) hands) my (two) hands *fúh y&&t deui f* (lit. one pair couple) a (married) couple n(( deui m&&léui (lit. this pair twin girls) these twin girls 38 Unit 8 Plurals and quantities with d( The word d(( can be seen as a special kind of measure, or more precisely as a collective classifier. It is used for both countable and uncountable nouns: (a) referring to an unspecified number of countable items: D(( cháang hóu tìhm Ngóh heui taam d(( pàhngyáuh Kéuih d(( tùhngsih taai mòhng The oranges are nice and sweet I’m going to visit some friends Her colleagues are too busy (b) referring to quantities of uncountable substances: D(( séui mh ` gau yiht Ngóh yiu máaih d(( s((nnáaih Léih d(( chàh hóu h%%ung The water is not hot enough I need to buy some fresh milk Your tea smells good Which classifier?

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