Grammar

Auxiliary Verb Constructions (Oxford Studies in Typology and by Gregory D. S. Anderson

By Gregory D. S. Anderson

This is often the main finished survey ever released of the auxiliary verb development. Drawing on a database of over 800 languages Dr Anderson examines their morphosyntactic kinds and semantic roles. He investigates and explains the old adjustments resulting in the cross-linguistic variety of inflectional styles, and provides his effects inside a brand new typological framework. He finds a lot that's new in regards to the language households of the area and makes a big contribution to the knowledge in their nature and evolution.

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Additional resources for Auxiliary Verb Constructions (Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic Theory)

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Akan KoW n-ye adwuma m-ma Amma KoW neg-do work neg-give Amma ‘KoW does not work for Amma’ (Seuren 1990: 18; Schachter 1974: 266) b. Akan/Twi mi-guaree me-baa mpono 1[:pst]-swim 1[:pst]-come shore ‘I swam to the shore’ (Sebba 1987: 184; Christaller 1875: 131) Auxiliaries and AVCs 13 c. prf-give Amma ‘I have worked for Amma’ (Schachter 1974: 260) However, when V1 or V2 in a SVC becomes grammaticalized as a functional verbal element, commonly referred to as ‘aspectual’ or ‘modal serialization’, etc.

1989) (Young and Givo´n 1991: 223) (37) a. Loniu (Austronesian; Papua New Guinea) yo u-tO min tan I 1-aux sit down ‘I was sitting down’ (Hamel 1994: 105) b. Loniu iy a i-sO ˇc«lu s/he still 3-aux stand ‘she was still standing there’ (Hamel 1994. 107) (38) a. Gta? b. Gta? ii-fut ‘I was eating’ ‘I will be feeding’ (Mahapatra et al. 1989) (39) Raga (Austronesian; Vanuatu) ra-m ban 3pl-cont go ‘they are going’ (Lynch et al. 2002: 45) (40) Lavukaleve (East Papuan; Solomon Islands) homela-v koi deava sia me-v Wv koi fo’sal vo-kuru me-v Wv woman-pl also diving do hab-pl 3pl:foc also Wsh:pl 3pl:obj-hit hab-pl 3pl:foc ‘women also usually go diving and catching Wsh’ (Terrill 2003: 385) Auxiliaries and AVCs (41) a.

I oVer but a small portion of tense-encoding AVCs below. dep-arrive ‘they will soon arrive’ (Setshedi 1974: 16) 31 (29) Wambaya ganjim-a gun-u Wnish-fut 3m-fut ‘he will Wnish it’ (Nordlinger 1998: 51) AVCs are frequently grammaticalized to encode a range of modal categories as well. These include such diverse categories traditionally falling under the super-heading ‘Modal’ as hearsay or evidentials of various types, (ir)realis, desiderative, various deontic and epistemic notions of capability, likelihood, possibility, obligation, etc.

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