Physiology

Auditory System: Anatomy Physiology (Ear) by H. W. Ades, A. Axelsson, I. L. Baird, G. v. Békésy, R. L.

By H. W. Ades, A. Axelsson, I. L. Baird, G. v. Békésy, R. L. Boord, C. B. G. Campbell, O. Densert, D. H. Eldredge, H. Engström, J. Fex, J. M. Harrison, O. W. Henson, M. E. Howe, S. Iurato, A. Michelsen, A. R. Møller, R. R. Pfeiffer, S. Rauch, I. Rauch, E. A.

In making plans The guide volumes on Audition, we, the editors, made the choice that there might be many authors, each one writing concerning the paintings within the box that he knew top via his personal examine, instead of a couple of authors who could evaluation components of analysis with which they lacked first hand familiarity. For the needs of the chapters on Audition, sensory body structure has been outlined very widely to incorporate reviews from the various disciplines that give a contribution to our knowing of the buildings involved in listening to and the strategies that occur in those buildings in guy and in decrease animals. a couple of chapters on specified subject matters were integrated with the intention to current info that would now not be coated by means of the standard chapters facing anatomical, physi­ ological and behavioral elements of listening to. we want to thank all authors of the volumes on Audition for the contributions that they have got made. We believe convinced that their efforts may also be liked by means of the various scientists and clinicians who will utilize the guide for a few years to return. WOLF D. KEIDEL WILLIAM D. NEFF Erlangen Bloomington August 1974 Contents advent. via G. v. BEKESY t. With three Figures. . . . . . . . 1 bankruptcy 1 attention of the Acoustic Stimulus. via R. R. PFEIFFER. With bankruptcy 2 19 Figures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . nine Comparative Anatomy of the center Ear. by means of O. W. HENSON Jr. With bankruptcy three 23 Figures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 . . . . .

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Acoust. Soc. Amer. 43, 1177-1178 (1968). : Grounding and shielding techniques in instrumentation. New York: Wiley 1967. , FAY, R. : Electrostatic transducers for bioacoustical instrumentation. J. acoust. Soc. Amer. 50, 127 (A) (1971). : Distribution pattern of cochlear combination tones. J. acoust. Soc. Amer. 45, 58-71 (1969). Chapter 3 Comparative Anatomy of the Middle Ear o. W. , New Haven, Connecticut (USA) With 23 Figures Contents I. Introduction . . . . II. Fishes and Fishlike Vertebrates A.

Terrestrial and Semiaquatic Urodela C. Apoda (Gymnophiona) . . . . 74 74 74 76 77 78 79 79 79 80 81 VI. Mammal-Like Reptiles and Evolutionary Changes Leading to the Mammalian Middle Ear. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 40 O. W. : Comparative Anatomy of the Middle Ear VII. Mammals. . . . . . . . . A. Generalized Morphological Pattern . . . 1. Tympanic Bone and Tympanic Membrane. 2. The Middle Ear Cavity and Eustachian Tube 3. Malleus. 4. Incus . . . . 5. Stapes .

Power System Wiring 33 appropriate impedance for the signal generator; also, both sides of the output signal leads are opened; and finally, a substantial ground-level environment is placed between the input and the output. With this scheme and with careful considerations of grounding of the switch-frame, keeping leads short, and proper shielding, an isolation of at least 140 dB at 1000 Hz can be obtained. Isolation generally decreases with increased signal frequency, and, in the case of work with high frequencies, extreme care must be taken to assure that signals are not present when assumed not to be.

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