Civics Citizenship

Altered States: The Globalization of Accountability by Valerie Sperling

By Valerie Sperling

Is globalization strong for democracy? Or has it made our governing associations much less liable to voters? situated on the intersection of diplomacy and comparative politics, this booklet explores the consequences of globalization on nationwide governance. lower than what conditions do the transnational forces that embrace globalization inspire or discourage political responsibility? one of the transnational forces mentioned within the e-book are the foreign financial Fund, the area financial institution, multinational companies, the United countries, inner most army contractors, peacekeepers, the ecu court docket of Human Rights, and several other transnational social activities. utilizing in-depth case stories of events during which those transnational associations have interaction with nationwide governments and electorate, Valerie Sperling strains the impression of financial, political, army, judicial, and civic globalization on nation responsibility and investigates the measure to which transnational associations are themselves dependable to the folk whose lives they modify. to hear Valerie Sperling's interview with New Hampshire Public Radio, stopover at (Windows clients) (Mac clients) additionally, listen her interview with KOPN radio in Columbia, Missouri on stay audio circulate

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15 Recommending trade liberalization to developing countries as a prescription for growth thus rests on a shaky foundation. 16 Still, significant evidence points to growing income inequality in recent decades, both within and among countries around the world. 17 Using several methodologies, Wade convincingly illuminates a trend toward increasing inequality between 1980 and 2001. Using purchasing power parity (PPP) figures, Wade puts forth three claims. First, if one looks at the polarization of incomes across the globe (comparing the richest and poorest deciles of the world’s population to the median), it is clear that polarization of income has “increased unambiguously” over that time period.

Nye, Power and Interdependence: World Politics in Transition (Boston: Little, Brown, 1977). 6 John Williamson, who originated the phrase “Washington Consensus,” distinguishes it from neoliberalism, which he paints as a more radical “ideological agenda” supposedly being foisted on countries around the globe (cited in Boas and Gans-Morse). S. government agencies) on the policy instruments favored in addressing indebted countries’ economic 4 5 22 Altered States more effective than governments at solving economic problems.

SAPs with which states are obligated to comply as a condition for loans require governments to restrict their spending and shrink their economic role. Although the economic policy prescriptions of the Washington Consensus – christened by economist John Williamson and embodied in SAPs – embraced investment in primary education and basic health care,34 governments often choose to pursue SAP-mandated budget targets by cutting state funding for social services across the board. 35 Many such policy changes occur after little or no popular debate, and sometimes amidst the repression of protests against them.

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