By Paul Rouzer
40 classes designed to introduce starting scholars to the fundamental styles and buildings of Classical chinese language are taken from a few pre-Han and Han texts chosen to offer scholars a grounding in exemplary Classical chinese language sort. extra classes use texts from later classes to aid scholars delight in the adjustments in written chinese language over the centuries. each one lesson comprises a textual content, a vocabulary record that includes discussions of which means and utilization, causes of grammar, and explications of inauspicious passages. the traditional sleek chinese language, eastern, and Korean pronunciations are indicated for every personality, making this a studying instrument for local audio system of these languages in addition. Appendices supply feedback for extra readings, evaluation universal and critical phrases, clarify the novel process, and supply eastern kanbun readings for all of the decisions. Glossaries of all vocabulary goods and pronunciation indexes for contemporary chinese language and Korean also are integrated.
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Additional info for A New Practical Primer of Literary Chinese (Harvard East Asian Monographs)
M: wù J: butsu ブツ, motsu モツ, mono もの K: mul 물 C: maht Thing; physical object. 萬物, "the ten thousand things,” is a common expression for all the things in the world. Radical 93 (牛, “cow”). 73. 其 M: qí J: ki キ, sore それ, sono その K: gi 기 C: kèih 1. This; that; these; those; its; his; her; their, [possessive and demonstrative adjective]* 2. Perhaps, probably, should, [vague modal adverb] This character is extremely common in literary Chinese constructions. 1. 6). Radical 12 (八, “eight”). 74. 本 J: hon ホン, moto もと M: běn K: bon 본 C: bún [Tree] root; fundamental; basics.
2. 5). 爲 is the second most common coverb; notice that it is read in the fourth tone in Mandarin. It means “on behalf of” (usually) or “because of” (sometimes), and it occurs in the opening sentence of our lesson text. Some other examples: 君爲民行德。The ruler practices virtue on behalf of the people. 子爲其父棄酒。The son gave up ale for the sake of his father. 臣爲公就坐。The minister proceeded to his seat for the sake of the duke. 3. Causative verb use: Sometimes verbs will have a specific “causative” use—that is, they represent letting or making someone else carry out the action of the verb.
J: kei ケイ, e エ, megumu めぐむ M: huì K: hye 혜 C: waih Compassion; compassionate. 慈惠 is an example of a synonym compound—two words with roughly the same meaning put together, sometimes for emphasis, sometimes to create a symmetrical rhythm. Up to this point in the lesson text, the expression 而後 has been followed by a two-character phrase: first 仁義, then 孝子. Although the author could express his meaning here with only the character 慈, the symmetry of the phrases forces him to insert a synonym. Radical 61 (心).