Physiology

A History of Women's Menstruation from Ancient Greece to the by Glenda Lewin Hufnagel

By Glenda Lewin Hufnagel

This is often the 1st large research with reference to the cultural and social understandings of menstruation via monitoring its evolution over centuries. This research examines the evolution of the organic, mental, sociological, and behavioral meanings of menarche and menstruation in dominant ecu and European-American tradition from the Classical Greek interval during the early Twenty-First-Century. the result of this evolution have been used to discover the results for the menarcheal schooling of women. The examine shows the next significant impacts impacted the cultural development of menarche and menstruation: faith through the old interval, medication in the course of the sleek interval, and trade in the course of the modern interval. The e-book means that academic reform during this region contain: non-dominant cultural global perspectives, intergenerational aid, either female and male kin, incorporated as a part of collage coursework, contain group and non secular dependent academic facilities, and supply details addressing the wellbeing and fitness hazards and possible choices to advertisement items.

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Extra info for A History of Women's Menstruation from Ancient Greece to the Twenty-First Century: Psychological, Social, Medical, Religious, and Educational Issues

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Also, no changes in 5-LO mRNA half life were observed. Instead, posttranscriptional 22 O. Werz and O. Ra˚dmark events such as transcript elongation and maturation appeared to mediate the effect of TGFß and 1,25(OH)2D3 [114]. Insight into the mechanism was gained when 1,25 (OH)2D3 and TGFß were observed to upregulate the response for reporter gene plasmids containing the complete 5-LO coding sequence plus the introns J-M [115]. These effects of 1,25(OH)2D3 and TGFß were independent of the 5-LO promoter, and two functional response elements for the TGFß effectors Smad3 and 4 were identified in the distal part of the 5-LO gene (exons 10–14, Fig.

Science 331(6014):217–219 16. Newcomer ME, Brash AR (2015) The structural basis for specificity in lipoxygenase catalysis. Protein Sci 24(3):298–309 24 O. Werz and O. Ra˚dmark 17. Eek P, Jarving R, Jarving I, Gilbert NC, Newcomer ME, Samel N (2012) Structure of a calcium-dependent 11R-lipoxygenase suggests a mechanism for Ca2+ regulation. J Biol Chem 287(26):22377–22386 18. Rakonjac Ryge M, Tanabe M, Provost P, Persson B, Chen X, Funk CD et al (2014) A mutation interfering with 5-lipoxygenase domain interaction leads to increased enzyme activity.

6 LTC4S catalyzes the conjugation reaction between GSH and LTA4 to form LTC4 Fig. 7 A schematic representation of the cysteinyl leukotrienes, LTC4, LTD4 and LTE4, is shown respectively. LTE4 is the most stable cysteinyl LT mediator, which easily can be detected in biological fluids such as in urine [25]. LTC4, LTD4 and LTE4 are together called cysteinyl-leukotrienes, or cys-LTs (Fig. 7). The bioactions of cysLTs were discovered already in 1938, long before these molecules and corresponding biosynthetic enzymes had been identified [26].

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