A Grammar of the Kabardian Language by John Colarusso

By John Colarusso

This is often the 1st complete grammar of a non-Indo-European language from the Northwest Caucasian family members in a language except Russian that covers all parts of the grammar. Kabardian is complicated at each point. The language taken care of isn't the literary commonplace, yet Kabardian because it used to be present in texts & within the mouths of Kabardians. This learn is an strengthen over grammatical sketches of comparable languages in that it supplies an entire account of the phonology & morphology of the language, accounting for what have been formerly referred to as 'random variants'. The e-book offers the reader the 1st account of the syntax of this language. it is going to supply the world professional entry to the language. it's going to provide the linguist drawn to advanced languages entry to an awfully tough language, & it is going to provide the theoretical linguist entry to a language that shows topological exotica at each point of its grammar, from phonetics to the lexicon.

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Da-ya/ —> /d-ya/ -» [dcy] nut-one of 'nut tree' c. /na-ya/ —> /n-ya/ —> [ncy] eye-bad 'malice' d. 1, (46e)). 2 Rounded Glide The glides in (54) and (55) must not be /w/, since, as (57) shows, this glide does not undergo the processes in (56). (57) Stability of/w/ a. /da-a-w-a/ -> /daawa/ (*/daw/by R7 -> RIO) with-conn-strike-at 'to quarrel' b. /z-a-a-w-a/ -> /zaawa/ (*/zaw/by R7 -> RIO) recip(rocal)-dat-conn-strike-at 'battle' 38 2. Phonetics and Phonology c. /Saawa/ -> /Saawa/ (*/$aw/ by R7 -> RIO) 'youth, pageboy (in the sagas)' d.

So/ 'horse' b. /So-a-s/ -» /S-a-s7 -» [SeS] horse-conn-shelter 'stable' c. /q"a/ Pig d. /q"a-a-s7 -> /qw-a-s7 -> [qhweS] pig-conn-shelter 'pigsty' e. /q,wa/ 'son' f. 'o/ -> /q^-oy-p'X'a/ -> [q^i'p'X'] son-num-four 'four sons' Only abstract nouns built with the suffixes /-a-y(a)/ -conn-ness appear to be exceptions to (29). 6, (85c). 4 Full-Grades in Nouns and Adjectives In bisyllabic nouns and adjectives unanalysable long [cr]\s (/aa/), as in /maaxwa/ 'blessed,' tend to exhibit the same behaviour under stress as do sequences of /a-a/ found in verbs (31), though this reduction effect can be suspended in careful or pedagogical speech.

2 Exceptions (34). Only a few forms appear to be irregular exceptions, as in (34) Some unpredictable exceptions to full-grade a. /baaS/ 'walking stick' b. ' c. / are systematic exceptions to the fullgrade rule. A few examples are given in (35). / a. a$a/ 'tool, weapon' b. abya/ 'herd of beef cattle' c. asa/ 'tame, quiet' d. 5 Vowel-Colouring The two-vowel system of Kabardian is typologically of great interest, but is also known from other regions beyond the Northwest Caucasian family (in the Ndu family of Papua New Guinea (Allen and Hurd 1972; Laycock 1965; Pike 1965), Mandarin Chinese (Chao 1934; Liu Fu 1932), Ethiopic Ge'ez (Colarusso 1975: 380), and perhaps one stage of Proto-Indo-European (Colarusso 1981:499-502)).

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