Grammar

A grammar of Eastern Khanty by Andrey Yury Filchenko

By Andrey Yury Filchenko

A reference grammar of the endangered indigenous japanese Khanty dialects of Vasyugan and Alexandrovo of the Uralic language kinfolk has been constructed. The learn bases at the corpus of traditional narrative discourse, and is determined in a basic cognitive-functional, usage-based version of language. the outline addresses the most styles of the jap Khanty language approach and provides a few typological contextualization of the reviewed language info. the outline covers the problems in phonology, word-classes, morphology, syntax and semantics of easy and complicated clauses. within the region of phonology, such systematic good points as strong backness vowel concord and consonant-vowel concord are analyzed within the articulatory gesture framework. Morphologically, the method is agglutinating with suffixation dominant in derivation and inflection. Syntactically, jap Khanty styles as a regular SOV language. Occasional non-prototypical good points comprise non-canonical argument marking alongside ergative trend opposed to the final historical past of Nom-Acc method of GR association. In mapping of the pragmatic functions---to semantic roles---to grammatical family, japanese Khanty indicates robust choice in the direction of Topic-initiality, commonly mapped onto Agent semantic function. This choice is still dominant in detransitivisation operations, the place the prototypical mapping is altered in the direction of Topic-Target-S that typically has to do with the parenthetical demotion of pragmatic prestige of the Agent referent and advertising of the non-Agent. research of jap Khanty advanced clauses finds powerful use of finite and non-finite (participial, infinitival and converbial) structures as relative, adverbial and supplement clauses in typologically universal suggestions of clause-linking. conventional discrete differentiation into subordinate and coordinate varieties in response to morphosyntactic standards seems to be insufficient, divorced from the structural variety of the saw advanced clauses. Cognitive-functional technique is used as a substitute, implying a common method of construal of associated occasions, attractive to cognitive family among states-of-affairs, instead of specific structural ability. This ends up in a continuum of combinable good points finding each one clause on the subject of both the subordinate or coordinate prototypes. Clause-linkage recommendations are relating to the pragmatic differentiation of data in utterances, with pragmatics, details structuring points being on the middle of the excellence among the subordination and coordination.

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Jaeggli, O. (1982) Topics in Romance Syntax. Dordrecht: Foris. Jaeggli, O. and K. Safir, eds. (1989) The Null Subject Parameter. Dordrecht: Kluwer. Kayne, R. (1984) Connectedness and Binary Branching. Dordrecht: Foris. van Kemenade, A. (1987) Syntactic Case and Morphological Case in the History of English. Dordrecht: Foris. Klima, E. A. A. , Modern Studies in English: Readings in Transformational Grammar. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. Koopmann, H. (1984) The Syntax of Verbs: From Verb Movement Rules in the Kru Languages to Universal Grammar.

3 However, we do know that WHY UG NEEDS A LEARNING THEORY 43 there were two major steps in the loss of the old verb-second system and the evolution of the "residual" system of modern English. We know that English ceased to be a full verb-second language in Rizzi's sense by the early 15th century. From this time verbs ceased to occur generally in C, occurring there only when preceded by certain kinds of elements, particularly a +wh feature. ). Schmidt (1980:209) claims that verb second declines in frequency with initial negative phrases, being re-established in the 16th century.

Since a verb-second C always contains Agr (unlike other Cs), this condition requires the presence of some constituent in the specifier of those Cs. However, no further condition specifies the nature of that constituent. Roberts suggests that the condition in (23) is related to the Extended Protection Principle of Chomsky (1982). Another approach is to say that the topicalization process triggers the V-fronting process. This idea was first developed by Taraldsen (1986), and is argued for here by Lightfoot (Chapter 2).

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