A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language by Randolph Quirk, Sidney Greenbaum, Geoffrey Leech, Jan

By Randolph Quirk, Sidney Greenbaum, Geoffrey Leech, Jan Svartvik

An fundamental shop of data at the English language, written through a few of the best-known grammarians on the planet.

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Rizzi 1997 for discussion). As Belletti shows, the focus position in Italian sentences like (11b) occurs at the left edge of VP (or vP), rather than CP. Remnant movement (or background scrambling) in this case operates on VP (or vP), as shown in (12). Phases and the typology of focus constructions As a matter of fact, it might also be claimed that English has a structure corresponding to (12), provided that we analyze the pseudogapping construction as a type of VP subdeletion following focus extraction and combined with remnant movement, as suggested by Baltin (2002) and Jayaseelan (2001).

A similar explanation with respect to par­tial focus movement is presented by Hartmann & Zimmermann in this volume. Katharina Hartmann and Malte Zimmermann: In place – out of place? Focus in Hausa The authors provide a detailed presentation of syntactic, morphological and prosodic focus marking strategies in Hausa. They show that Hausa provides syntactic conditions for focus movement (ex situ focus) and non-moved focus (in situ focus) – cf. the observations for Czech and Northern Sotho in Lenertová & Junghanns and Zerbian in this volume.

Cf. (9b), the focussed counterpart of the “neutral” example (9a) (Nkemenji 1995, Koopman 2000). (9) a. b. Atem a kε nčúū akendò . ’ Atem a kε nčúū akendò [Fčúū]. 2   H. Bernhard Drubig As is well known, however, the sentential periphery is not the only environment in which syntactically isolated focus positions occur. In the typologically relevant literature many languages are discussed in detail in which focus movement targets a position at the (usually left) edge of VP, or in a position close to it.

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