By Hidemitsu Takahashi
1. checklist of figures, pics; 2. record of tables, pxi; three. Abbreviations, pxiii; four. Acknowledgments, pxv-xvii; five. 1. creation, p1-20; 6. 2. watching English imperatives in motion, p21-56; 7. three. The which means of the English relevant, p57-92; eight. four. Accounting for many of the findings in bankruptcy 2 and the alternative among imperatives and oblique directives, p93-119; nine. five. combined central buildings: Passive, innovative, and perfective imperatives in English, p121-135; 10. 6. Conditional imperatives in English, p137-171; eleven. 7. English imperatives in concessive clauses, p173-196; 12. eight. eastern imperatives, p197-219; thirteen. nine. Conclusions and customers, p221-224; 14. References, p225-236; 15. info assets, p237; sixteen. identify index, p239-240; 17. topic index, p241-242
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Additional resources for A cognitive linguistic analysis of the English imperative : with special reference to Japanese imperatives
However, the let’s-imperative can be at times interpreted as proposal for an action either by the addressee(s) alone (Biber et al. ; Collins 2004: 302) or by the speaker alone (cf. Huddleston and Pullum 2002; Collins 2004). Furthermore, according to Huddleston and Pullum (2002: 936), let’s-imperatives generally involve a verbal response indicating agreement or refusal and there are also special cases (such as expository directives) lacking any such verbal response. Let’s-imperatives have been analyzed both in descriptive (Davies 1986) and in theoretical terms (Clark 1993b), but relatively little quantitative research has been conducted (Important exceptions include Aarts 1994, and, most notably, Collins 2004).
A basic axiom that is adopted here is that the imperative is one such construction in language. e. how, and why, one construction (say, Construction A) is more compatible with another construction B, but not with still another construction C. An actual expression involves the amalgam of several distinct constructions (cf. Goldberg 2006: 10). This perspective helps explain the (in)felicity of numerous mixed imperative Chapter 1. Introduction constructions that vary in relative size and complexity.
102) 29 30 A Cognitive Linguistic Analysis of the English Imperative c. Darby was opening the pizza box. ” “Maybe later. Drink your wine and let’s chat. ” “I have. ” (Pelican, p. 87) d. “Let’s get drunk,” he said. ” (Pelican, p. 88) In all of the above, let’s-imperatives are responded with either a verbal approval or disapproval. However, these cases are not as frequent as Huddleston and Pullum’s account might imply. Look at Table 2-3. Table 2-3. 8%) were let’s-imperatives followed by verbal response.